Články na téma South America

The significance of judicial independence in Latin America

In this essay I will reveal the fundamental necessity of judicial independence in the countries of Argentina and Chile in order to be able to prosecute military officials and former dictators who committed human rights violations during the dictatorships. Specifically, I will analyse the period from the first post-dictatorships presidencies (Alfonsìn and Menem in Argentina, and Aylwìn and Frei in Chile) until the breakthrough years (which occurred over the early 2000s in both nations) when the Chilean and Argentinean courts finally reached their autonomy leading to the sentencing offenders. Throughout this essay, I will discuss each country in different paragraphs in order to compare Chilean and Argentine judiciaries and demonstrate how they both started from divergent points to eventually reach the same conclusion: prosecution in order to achieve justice.